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Crashed P-51
Obviously, this plane was piloted by an aviator that did not receive my training.

Main control surfaces
Control surfaces on a T-28B

Lesson One: The Element of Surprise
In the vast majority of all kills, the defender is unaware of the presence of the attacker until it is too late. Once in an advantageous position, even the least skilled pilot can bring down an ace. Gaining this advantage requires a complete understanding of the environment in which the pilot stalks his prey. The position of the sun, cloud cover, and angle of attack are vital elements of a successful strike on the unwary adversary.

Tips for success:
  • Appraise the situation before launching an attack. This involves observing the flight path and altitude of the target and environmental factors affecting both attacker and defender.
  • Attempt to maneuver to an angle of attack with the sun behind you or from which the target cannot see your approach.
  • Once in position to attack, patiently approach until within 300 feet of the target. Slow your aircraft to prevent overshooting the target. Do not fire your weapons using the "Spray and Pray" technique. This will only make the target aware of your presence and waste ammunition.
  • When you maneuver your aircraft within 150 feet and match the speed of the target, reappraise the target's flight path. Determine any angle of deflection required to hit the target. This is otherwise known as leading the target.
  • Fire in short bursts. Do not fire continuously as this will decrease your ability to manipulate the aircraft controls and waste ammunition.